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Role of hydrophobic residues in the voltage sensors of the voltage-gated sodium channel

Bendahhou, S. and O’Reilly, Andrias O. and Duclohier, H. (2007) Role of hydrophobic residues in the voltage sensors of the voltage-gated sodium channel. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1768 (6), 1440 - 1447. ISSN 0006-3002.

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The role of hydrophobic residues in voltage sensors S4 of voltage-sensitive ion channels is less documented than that of charged residues. We performed alanine-substitution of branched-sidechain residues contiguous to the third, fourth and fifth positively charged residues in S4s of the first three domains of the sodium channel expressed in HEK cells. These locations were selected because they are close to the arginines and lysines important in gating. Mutations in the first two domains (DIS4 and DIIS4) altered steady-state activation curves. In DIIIS4, the mutation L1131A next to the third arginine greatly slowed inactivation in a manner similar to that for substitutions of charged residues in DIVS4, whereas the mutation L1137A next to the fifth arginine preserved wild-type behaviour. Homology models of domain III, based on the structure of a crystallized mammalian potassium channel, shows that L1131 is located at the interface between S3 and S4 helices, whereas L1137, on the opposite side of S4, does not interact with the voltage sensor. The two mutated residues are closer to each other in domains I and II than in domain III, as may be corroborated by their different electrophysiological effects.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Voltage sensors, activation–inactivation coupling, heterologous expression, electrophysiology, molecular modelling
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2011 14:26
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:21

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