Anxiety and cognitive performance: attentional control theory
Eysenck, M.W. and Derakhshan, Nazanin and Santos, R. and Calvo, M.G. (2007) Anxiety and cognitive performance: attentional control theory. Emotion 7 (2), 336 - 353. ISSN 1528-3542.
Attentional control theory is an approach to anxiety and cognition representing a major development of Eysenck and Calvo's (1992) processing efficiency theory. It is assumed that anxiety impairs efficient functioning of the goal-directed attentional system and increases the extent to which processing is influenced by the stimulus-driven attentional system. In addition to decreasing attentional control, anxiety increases attention to threat-related stimuli. Adverse effects of anxiety on processing efficiency depend on two central executive functions involving attentional control: inhibition and shifting. However, anxiety may not impair performance effectiveness (quality of performance) when it leads to the use of compensatory strategies (e.g., enhanced effort; increased use of processing resources). Directions for future research are discussed.
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||Anxiety, attention, inhibition, shifting|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Date Deposited:||09 Aug 2011 13:44|
|Last Modified:||11 Oct 2016 12:01|
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