Warren, A. and Chappell, A. and Todd, M.C. and Bristow, Charlie S. and Drake, N. and Engelstaedter, S. and Martins, V. and M'Bainayel, S. and Washington, R. (2007) Dust-raising in the dustiest place on earth. Geomorphology 92 (1-2), 25 - 37. ISSN 0169-555X.Full text not available from this repository.
The Bodélé in northern Chad is the dustiest place on earth. It is dusty because of the co-location of strong near-surface winds and a large exposure of low-density, friable diatomite. Data are reported from three kinds of observation on dust generation in the Bodélé: (a) two automatic weather stations and pilot balloon tracking, complemented with reanalysis data, measuring and estimating wind velocities; (b) sun-photometers, measuring atmospheric dust concentrations; (c) a vacuum-pump dust sampler and an array of MWAC sediment samplers, measuring in-situ sediment transport. With these data, we develop four hypotheses about dust generation: (1) the pulsing of dust output from the Bodélé depends primarily on the varying strength of a Low Level Jet (LLJ); i.e., at this scale, dust production is transport-limited; (2) the most prolific mechanism of dust production is the breakdown of saltating diatomite flakes as they collide with each other and with the surface; (3) disturbance of flow around the large barchans, particularly turbulence and convergence on their “horns”, is a major contributor to dust production, i.e., the dunes are “dust-mills”; (4) in consequence, dust production is localised within the main exposure of diatomite to places where there are the most dunes, as on the eastern and northern fringes of the exposure.
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||Low level jet, transport-limitation, self-abrasion, dune-included turbulence, Bodélé, Chad|
|School or Research Centre:||Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Earth Sciences|
|Date Deposited:||04 Aug 2011 09:38|
|Last Modified:||17 Apr 2013 12:21|
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