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The degradative resistance of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane nanocore integrated polyurethanes: An in vitro study

Kannan, R.Y. and Salacinski, H.J. and Odlyha, Marianne and Butler, P.E. and Seifalian, A.M. (2006) The degradative resistance of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane nanocore integrated polyurethanes: An in vitro study. Biomaterials 27 (9), pp. 1971-1979. ISSN 0142-9612.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.10.0...

Abstract

Polymer biostability is one of the critical parameters by which these materials are selected for use as biomedical devices. This is the major rationale for the use of polymers which are highly crystalline and stiff namely expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) and Dacron in particular, as arterial bypass grafts. While this is immaterial in high-flow states, it becomes critically important at lower flows with a greater need for more compliant vessels. Polyurethanes being one of the most compliant polymers known are as such, the natural choice to build such constructs. However, concerns regarding their resistance to degradation have limited their use as vascular prostheses and in order to augment their strength, herein a novel polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane integrated poly(carbonate-urea)urethane (POSS-PCU) nanocomposite was synthesised by our group. In the following series of experiments, the POSS-PCU nanocomposite samples were exposed to accelerated degradative solutions, in an ‘in-house’ established model in vitro for up to 70 days before being subjected to infra-red spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, stress–strain studies and differential scanning calorimetry. Our results demonstrate that these silsesquioxane nanocores shield the soft segment(s) of the polyurethane, responsible for its compliance and elasticity from all forms of degradation, principally oxidation and hydrolysis. These nanocomposites hence provide an optimal method by which these polymers may be strengthened whilst maintaining their elasticity, making them ideal as vascular prostheses particularly at low flow states.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Polymer, degradative, medical devices, tissue engineering, bypass graft
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2011 10:51
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:21
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/4017

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