The demise of short-term memory revisited: empirical and computational investigations of recency effects
Davelaar, Eddy J. and Goshen-Gottstein, Y. and Askenazi, A. and Haarmann, H.J. and Usher, Marius (2005) The demise of short-term memory revisited: empirical and computational investigations of recency effects. Psychological Review 12 (1), pp. 3-42. ISSN 0033-295X.
In the single-store model of memory, the enhanced recall for the last items in a free-recall task (i.e., the recency effect) is understood to reflect a general property of memory rather than a separate short-term store. This interpretation is supported by the finding of a long-term recency effect under conditions that eliminate the contribution from the short-term store. In this article, evidence is reviewed showing that recency effects in the short and long terms have different properties, and it is suggested that 2 memory components are needed to account for the recency effects: an episodic contextual system with changing context and an activation-based short-term memory buffer that drives the encoding of item-context associations. A neurocomputational model based on these 2 components is shown to account for previously observed dissociations and to make novel predictions, which are confirmed in a set of experiments.
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Date Deposited:||02 Dec 2011 09:15|
|Last Modified:||17 Apr 2013 12:22|
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