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An integrated surrogate model for screening of drugs against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Gupta, Antima and Bhakta, Sanjib (2012) An integrated surrogate model for screening of drugs against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 67 (6), pp. 1380-1391. ISSN 0305-7453.

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Objectives The intracellularly surviving and slow-growing pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, adapts the host cell environment for its active and dormant life cycle. It is evident that the lack of appropriate high-throughput screening of inhibitors within host cells is an impediment for the early stages of anti-tubercular drug discovery. We aimed to develop an integrated surrogate model that enhances the screening of large inhibitor libraries. Methods Different mycobacterial species were compared for their growth, drug susceptibility and intracellular uptake. A 6-well plate solid agar-based spot culture growth inhibition (SPOTi) assay was developed into a higher throughput format. The uptake and intracellular survival of Mycobacterium aurum within mouse macrophage cells (RAW 264.7) were optimized using 24/96-well plate formats. Results Fast-growing, non-pathogenic M. aurum was found to have an antibiotic-susceptibility profile similar to that of M. tuberculosis. The sensitivity to an acidic pH environment and the ability to multiply inside RAW 264.7 macrophages provided additional advantages for employing M. aurum in intracellular drug screening methods. A selection of anti-tubercular drugs inhibited the growth and viability of M. aurum inside the macrophages at different levels. Conclusions We present a rapid, convenient, high-throughput surrogate model, which provides a comprehensive evaluation platform for new chemical scaffolds against different physiological stages of mycobacteria within the primary cell environment of the host. The results using anti-tubercular drugs validate this model for screening libraries of existing and novel chemical entities.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): drug susceptibility testing, Mycobacterium aurum, RAW 264.7 macrophages, SPOTi assay, surrogate
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2012 13:16
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 11:58

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