Self-organization in normal and abnormal cognitive development
Mareschal, Denis and Thomas, Michael S.C. (2001) Self-organization in normal and abnormal cognitive development. In: Kalverboer, A.F. and Gramsbergen, A. (eds.) Handbook of Brain and Behaviour in Human Development. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer, pp. 734-765. ISBN 9780792369431.
This chapter discusses self-organization as a motor for cognitive development. Self-organization occurs in systems with many degrees of freedom and is ubiquitous in the brain. The principal means of investigating the role of self-organization in cognitive development is through connectionist computational modeling. Connectionist models are computer models loosely based on neural information processing. We survey a range of models of cognitive development in infants and children and identify the constraints on self-organization that lead to the emergence of target behaviors. A survey of connectionist models of abnormal cognitive development illustrates how deviations in these constraints can lead to the development of abnormal behaviors. Special attention is paid to models of development in autistic children.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Research Centre:||Educational Neuroscience, Centre for, Birkbeck Knowledge Lab, Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)|
|Depositing User:||Sarah Hall|
|Date Deposited:||30 Apr 2012 15:04|
|Last Modified:||09 Dec 2016 11:15|
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