BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Ageing, plasticity, and cognitive reserve in connectionist networks

    Thomas, Michael S.C. (2008) Ageing, plasticity, and cognitive reserve in connectionist networks. In: 30th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 23-26 July 2008, Washington, U.S..

    [img]
    Preview
    Text
    Thomas4643withcoversheet.pdf - Published Version of Record

    Download (779kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    Neurocomputational modeling has suggested that a range of mechanisms can lead to reductions in functional plasticity across development (Thomas & Johnson, 2006). In this paper, we consider whether ageing might also produce a reduction in plasticity. Marchman’s (1993) model of damage and recovery in past tense formation was extended to incorporate the two main proposals for implementing effects of ageing: altered neuromodulation and connection loss. Simulations showed that ageing did reduce plasticity (as assessed by the system’s ability to recover from damage) but that effects were modulated by (a) the mechanism used to implement ageing, (b) problem type, and (c) pre-existing levels of cognitive reserve.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Additional Information: Published in: Love, B.C., McRae, K. and Sloutsky, V.M. (eds), 2008. Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, U.S.: Cognitive Science Society. ISBN: 9780976831846
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): ageing, plasticity, compensation, critical and sensitive periods, brain damage, recovery, cognitive reserve
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Educational Neuroscience, Centre for, Birkbeck Knowledge Lab, Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2012 09:41
    Last Modified: 09 Dec 2016 11:15
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/4643

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    106Downloads
    99Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item