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    Street-level spatial interpolation using network-based IDW and ordinary Kriging

    Shiode, N. and Shiode, Shino (2011) Street-level spatial interpolation using network-based IDW and ordinary Kriging. Transactions in GIS 15 (4), pp. 457-477. ISSN 1361-1682.

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    Abstract

    This study proposes network-based spatial interpolation methods to help predict unknown spatial values along networks more accurately. It expands on two of the commonly used spatial interpolation methods, IDW (inverse distance weighting) and OK (ordinary kriging), and applies them to analyze spatial data observed on a network. The study first provides the methodological framework, and it then examines the validity of the proposed methods by cross-validating elevations from two contrasting patterns of street network and comparing the MSEs (Mean Squared Errors) of the predicted values measured with the two proposed network-based methods and their conventional counterparts. The study suggests that both network-based IDW and network-based OK are generally more accurate than their existing counterparts, with network-based OK constantly outperforming the other methods. The network-based methods also turn out to be more sensitive to the edge effect, and their performance improves after edge correction. Furthermore, the MSEs of standard OK and network-based OK improve as more sample locations are used, whereas those of standard IDW and network-based IDW remain stable regardless of the number of sample locations. The two network-based methods use a similar set of sample locations, and their performance is inherently affected by the difference in their weight distribution among sample locations.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Geography, Environment and Development Studies
    Depositing User: Shino Shiode
    Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2012 07:23
    Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:23
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/4849

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