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Association between maladaptive parenting and child self-control over time: cross-lagged study using a monozygotic twin difference design

Cecil, C.A.M. and Barker, Edward D. and Jaffee, S.R. and Viding, E. (2012) Association between maladaptive parenting and child self-control over time: cross-lagged study using a monozygotic twin difference design. The British Journal of Psychiatry , ISSN 0007-1250.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.111.107581

Abstract

Background: Harsh parenting practices and negative parental feelings may be environmental risk factors for low self-control in children. Children may also evoke certain parenting reactions. Aims: To investigate the longitudinal relationship between parenting and self-control, as well as associated outcomes within the monozygotic (MZ) twin differences framework. Method: Longitudinal MZ twin differences analysis was conducted on a community sample of 5184 twins using data from ages 3, 4, 7 and 9 years. Outcomes related to self-control and parenting were analysed at age 12 years. Results: Non-shared environmental effects of parenting on the development of self-control and an evocative effect of child self-control on parenting were found. Harsh parenting predicted conduct problems for both boys and girls. Self-control at age 9 predicted conduct problems and emotional difficulties at age 12. Conclusions: Parenting and child self-control affect one another, highlighting the potential of early interventions that target parents and children simultaneously.

Item Type: Article
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2012 09:45
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:24
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/5050

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