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A controlled water-table depth system to study the influence of fine-scale differences in water regime for plant growth

Araya, Yoseph N. and Gowing, D.J. and Dise, N. (2010) A controlled water-table depth system to study the influence of fine-scale differences in water regime for plant growth. Aquatic Botany 92 (1), pp. 70-74. ISSN 0304-3770.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2009.10.004

Abstract

A method was developed to maintain water-table depths at a constant level in outdoor mesocosms. The system included a water treatment reservoir, where tap water was microbially deoxygenated and denitrified; an adjustable-level control chamber that set desired water-table depths and plant growing mesocosms. The soil water status was evaluated by constant monitoring using tensiometers, pressure transducers and dipwells. The robustness of the system was tested by inducing sudden incidents of flooding and drainage. The system was able to revert to the original set water-table depths within 5 and 10 min, respectively. It also reliably sustained consistent water-table depths throughout the growing season without the need for maintenance. As an example, the method was used to grow plants at five set water-table depths: 50, 150, 250, 350, and 450 mm below ground surface. Two wet grassland species Festuca pratensis (meadow fescue), and Carex nigra (common sedge) were grown and dry biomass production recorded. Results showed differences in growth response between the two species to subjected water-table depths. In monoculture, F. pratensis production followed the order 50 = 150 = 350 > 250 = 450 mm (p < 0.001), while for C. nigra it was 150 = 250 > 50 = 350 = 450 mm (p < 0.001). In mixture, F. pratensis did not show a significant trend (p < 0.06), whereas C. nigra showed 50 = 150 > 250 > 350 = 450 mm (p < 0.001). The ease of the system to establish constant and/or dynamic water-table depths and its reliability outdoors renders it useful for a wide variety of studies involving plant growth.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Water-table depth, Plant production, Soil moisture, Niche separation
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Geography, Environment and Development Studies
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2012 14:17
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:26
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/5591

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