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    Forced migration, refugees, and asylum

    El-Enany, Nadine and Thielemann, E.R. (2010) Forced migration, refugees, and asylum. In: Denemark, R.A. (ed.) The International Studies Encyclopedia. Malden, U.S.: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9781444336597.

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    Abstract

    Forced migration and refugee and asylum issues are, by definition, often a matter of international politics as they affect the relationship between countries of origin and countries of destination. Recent estimates by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees suggest that in 2007 there were more than 10 million asylum seekers and refugees worldwide: that is, individuals who left their home country to seek protection in another country ( UNHCR 2007 ). This paper seeks to provide an overview of the multidisciplinary academic literature on forced migration, its key debates and major contributions. Although it attempts to provide as balanced and comprehensive an account as possible, the sheer scope of the subject means that choices as to the geographical, theoretical, and empirical coverage of the paper had to be made. The paper takes as its main focus the question of how the global refugee framework and regional legal regimes on forced migration (such as that of the European Union) have come about, how they have been assessed, and what attempts have been made to reform them. By way of conclusion, the piece identifies a number of key areas for future research. Refugees were first defined collectively at the international level, recognized on the basis of a group identity.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): migration, political asylum, refugees
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Law
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2013 09:09
    Last Modified: 30 Apr 2013 09:09
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/6525

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