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    Knowing When to Move On: Cognitive and Perceptual Decisions in Time

    Jarvstad, A. and Rushton, S.K. and Warren, P.A. and Hahn, Ulrike (2012) Knowing When to Move On: Cognitive and Perceptual Decisions in Time. Psychological Science 23 (6), pp. 589-597. ISSN 0956-7976.

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    Abstract

    We investigated people’s ability to decide how much time to spend on the task at hand. To make such decisions well, one must take into account, among other things, the cost of failing and how one’s task performance changes as a function of time. We first investigated timing decisions when the underlying task was perceptual. Decisions were highly efficient and suggested that people can make good use of perceptual knowledge and abstract reward information. Previous studies have found that perceptual decisions are generally optimal, but that cognitive decisions are generally suboptimal—a perception-cognition gap. Does a similar gap exist for timing decisions? We compared timing decisions for a perceptual task with timing decisions for more cognitive tasks. Performance was highly similar across the tasks, which suggests that knowledge can be acquired, and used to make timing decisions, in an equally efficient way regardless of whether that knowledge is derived through perceptual or cognitive experience.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): decision making, perception, cognition
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Birkbeck Knowledge Lab
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 09 May 2013 10:25
    Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 13:39
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/6611

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