Social communication between virtual characters and children with autism
Alcorn, A. and Pain, H. and Rajendran, G. and Smith, Tim J. and Lemon, O. and Porayska-Pomsta, Kaska and Foster, M.E. and Avramides, K. and Frauenberger, C. and Bernardini, S. (2011) Social communication between virtual characters and children with autism. In: Biswas, G. and Bull, S. and Kay, J. and Mitrovic, A. (eds.) Artificial Intelligence in Education. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6738. Berlin, Germany: Springer, pp. 7-14. ISBN 9783642218682.
Children with ASD have difficulty with social communication, particularly joint attention. Interaction in a virtual environment (VE) may be a means for both understanding these difficulties and addressing them. It is first necessary to discover how this population interacts with virtual characters, and whether they can follow joint attention cues in a VE. This paper describes a study in which 32 children with ASD used the ECHOES VE to assist a virtual character in selecting objects by following the character’s gaze and/or pointing. Both accuracy and reaction time data suggest that children were able to successfully complete the task, and qualitative data further suggests that most children perceived the character as an intentional being with relevant, mutually directed behaviour.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||autism spectrum disorder, virtual environment, virtual character, joint attention, social communication, technology-enhanced learning, HCI|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Research Centre:||Moving Image, Birkbeck Institute for the (BIMI), Educational Neuroscience, Centre for, Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)|
|Date Deposited:||10 May 2013 08:10|
|Last Modified:||14 Dec 2016 09:43|
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