Dewaele, Jean-Marc (2007) Diachronic and/or synchronic variation? The acquisition of sociolinguistic competence in L2 French. In: Ayoun, Dalila (ed.) Handbook of French Applied Linguistics. Language Learning & Language Teaching 16. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 208-236. ISBN 978 90 272 1972 5.
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A majority of the early research in Second Language Acquisition focused on diachronic variation in the learners’ interlanguage (IL), that is, differences in the IL linked to a supposed increase in knowledge between two points in time (cf. Tarone 1988). The last decade has seen an increase in studies combining a diachronic perspective with a synchronic one, that is, where variation in production is seen as the consequence of individual differences among learners (gender, extraversion, learning strategies, attitudes, motivation, sociobiographical variables linked to the language learning experience and the use of the target language (TL)). In this perspective, non-native-like patterns are not automatically assumed to be the result of incomplete knowledge, but other possible causes are taken into consideration such as temporary inaccessibility of information in stressful situations or even a conscious decision by the L2 user to deviate from the TL norm.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||appropriate topics of conversation attention to form colloquial words constructs emic etic formal expression free variation grammatical aspect interaction interrogative structures lexical variants (inter)locutor microgenetic analysis micro-stylistic variation morphosyntactic variants omission pedagogical norm perception of difficulty phonological variants pronouns of address sociolinguistic competence subject pronouns syntactic variants tense Type 1 variation Type 2 variation VARBRUL Variants Variationist Sociolinguistics|
|School or Research Centre:||Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Applied Linguistics and Communication|
|Depositing User:||Dr JM Dewaele|
|Date Deposited:||07 Oct 2008 15:54|
|Last Modified:||17 Apr 2013 12:33|
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