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    Ergonomics

    Davis, A.J. and Tissington, Patrick A. (2007) Ergonomics. In: Clegg, S.R. and Bailey, J.R. (eds.) International Encyclopaedia of Organisation Studies. London: Sage. ISBN 9781412915151.

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    Abstract

    Ergonomics is the study of human beings and their interactions with objects and systems in the environment. Its aim is to use knowledge about human abilities and limitations to design and build objects and systems that match human capabilities and limitations, thereby optimizing human well-being and overall system performance. Ergonomics is generally thought of as a relatively new discipline, with Hywel Murrell having played a central role in defining it in 1949. The term ergonomics , meaning the science of work, was first used in 1857 by Wojciech Jastrzebowski. It stems from the Greek ergon , meaning work, and nomos , meaning natural laws. Ergonomics draws heavily on the disciplines of psychology (cognitive, social, and organizational), anatomy, physiology, and engineering. The effectiveness of the interaction between humans and machines is affected by the degree of fit between the human operator and the machine he or she is operating.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2013 12:56
    Last Modified: 06 Jun 2013 12:56
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/7276

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