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    Intergenerational transmission of maltreatment and psychopathology: the role of antenatal depression

    Plant, D.T. and Barker, Edward D. and Waters, C.S. and Pawlby, S. and Pariante, C.M. (2013) Intergenerational transmission of maltreatment and psychopathology: the role of antenatal depression. Psychological Medicine 43 (3), pp. 519-528. ISSN 0033-2917.

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    Abstract

    Background: Maternal experience of childhood maltreatment and maternal antenatal depression are both associated with offspring childhood maltreatment and offspring adjustment problems. We have investigated the relative impact of maternal childhood maltreatment and exposure to depression in utero on offspring maltreatment and psychopathology. Method: The sample included 125 families from the South London Child Development Study. A prospective longitudinal design was used. Data on maternal childhood maltreatment, maternal antenatal depression (36 weeks of pregnancy), offspring childhood maltreatment (age 11 years) and offspring adolescent antisocial behaviour and depression (ages 11 and 16 years) were obtained from parents and offspring through clinical interview. Results: Mothers who experienced childhood maltreatment were significantly more likely to be depressed during pregnancy [odds ratio (OR) 10.00]. Offspring of mothers who experienced only childhood maltreatment or only antenatal depression were no more at risk of being maltreated or having psychopathology; however, offspring of mothers who experienced both maternal childhood maltreatment and antenatal depression were exposed to significantly greater levels of childhood maltreatment and exhibited significantly higher levels of adolescent antisocial behaviour compared with offspring not so exposed. Furthermore, maternal childhood maltreatment accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in offspring childhood maltreatment in only those offspring exposed to depression in utero. Conclusions: Maternal childhood maltreatment and maternal antenatal depression are highly associated. The co-occurrence of both insults significantly increases the risk of offspring adversity. The antenatal period is an optimum period to identify vulnerable women and to provide interventions.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Adolescents, antisocial behaviour, maltreatment, pregnancy, prenatal stress
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 12:45
    Last Modified: 19 May 2014 13:26
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/7406

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