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    Improving urban land cover classification using fuzzy image segmentation

    Lizarazo, Ivan and Elsner, Paul (2009) Improving urban land cover classification using fuzzy image segmentation. In: Gavrilova, M.L. and Tan, J.K. (eds.) Transactions on Computational Science. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6 5730. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag, pp. 41-56. ISBN 9783642106484.

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    Abstract

    The increasing availability of high spatial resolution images provides detailed and up-to-date representations of cities. However, ana-lysis of such digital imagery data using traditional pixel-wise approaches remains a challenge due to the spectral complexity of urban areas. Object-Based Image Analysis (OBIA) is emerging as an alternative method to produce landcover information. Standard OBIA approaches rely on ima-ge segmentation which partitions the image into a set of ’crisp’ non-overlapping image-objects. This step regularly requires significant user-interaction to parameterise a functional segmentation model. This paper proposes fuzzy image segmentation which produces fully overlapping image-regions with indeterminate boundaries that serves as alternative framework for the subsequent image classification. The new method uses three stages: (i) fuzzy image segmentation, (ii) feature analysis, and (iii) defuzzification, that were implemented applying Support Vector Machine (SVM) techniques and using open source software. The new method was tested against a benchmark land-cover classification that applied standard crisp image segmentation. Results show that fuzzy image segmentation can produce good thematic accuracy with little user input. It therefore provides a new and automated technique for producing accurate urban land cover data from high spatial resolution imagery.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2013 15:52
    Last Modified: 31 Jul 2019 19:14
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/8110

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