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    Intra- and inter-individual variation in self-reported code-switching patterns of adult multilinguals

    Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Li, Wei (2014) Intra- and inter-individual variation in self-reported code-switching patterns of adult multilinguals. International Journal of Multilingualism 11 (2), pp. 225-246. ISSN 1747-7530.

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    Abstract

    The present study is a large-scale quantitative analysis of intra-individual variation (linked to type of interlocutor) and inter-individual variation (linked to multilingualism, sociobiographical variables and three personality traits) in self-reported frequency of code-switching (CS) among 2116 multilinguals. We found a significant effect of interlocutor (friends, family, colleagues and strangers) on self-reported CS. Participants who grew up and work in a multilingual environment, know many different languages, which they learnt from a young age, have advanced proficiency in various languages reported more frequent CS. Sex, Extraversion and Cognitive Empathy, but not Tolerance of Ambiguity, are linked with higher self-reported CS. We conclude that the frequency of self-reported CS depends not just on situational, complex sociobiographical and environmental factors, but it is also mediated by the personality of the multilingual.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the International Journal of Multilingualism (online 20th January 2014) [copyright Taylor & Francis], available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2013.878347
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): individual differences, code-switching, multilingualism, personality
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Applied Linguistics and Communication
    Depositing User: Professor Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2014 10:15
    Last Modified: 23 Jan 2017 15:59
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/8919

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