BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Institutional influences on SME exporters under divergent transition paths: comparative insights from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan

    Makhmadshoev, D. and Ibeh, Kevin and Crone, M. (2015) Institutional influences on SME exporters under divergent transition paths: comparative insights from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. International Business Review 24 (6), pp. 1025-1038. ISSN 0969-5931.

    [img]
    Preview
    Text
    11890.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

    Download (844kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    This paper compares the influence of national institutional environments on the internationalisation of SME exporters from two countries, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, which followed divergent paths in the transition process. It contributes in several ways, notably by extending scholarly debate on divergent paths of transition to the IB literature, and enriching the institution-based view of IB with perspectives from the new institutional economics and comparative institutionalism and offering fresh evidence of how formal and informal institutions and the enforcement mechanism interact to create specific incentives and barriers for internationalising SMEs. The study, one of the first to examine SME exporters from the former Soviet Republics of Central Asia, cautions against the tendency to attribute countries in the transitional periphery with homogenous institutional environments. Analysis of case study evidence suggests appreciable differences in the institutional environments facing SME exporters in the comparator countries. More specifically, SME exporters in Tajikistan seem to experience tougher institutional constraints relative to their Kyrgyzstan counterparts, and this divergence in institutional environments appears to affect the internationalisation prospects and competitiveness of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan SME exporters adversely and favourably respectively. The above findings are richly illustrated in the paper, which also discusses implications for theory, managerial and policy decision making and future research.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Formal institutions, Informal institutions, Institutional divergence, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Transition economies
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Management
    Research Centre: Innovation Management Research, Birkbeck Centre for
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2015 12:35
    Last Modified: 08 Feb 2020 07:50
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/11890

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    125Downloads
    182Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item