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    Semantic search in the remote associates test

    Davelaar, Eddy J. (2015) Semantic search in the remote associates test. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (3), pp. 494-512. ISSN 1756-8757.

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    Abstract

    Searching through semantic memory may involve the use of several retrieval cues. In a verbal fluency task, the set of available cues is limited and every candidate word is a target. Individuals exhibit clustering behavior as predicted by optimal foraging theory. In another semantic search task, the remote associates task (RAT), three cues are presented and a single target word has to be found. Whereas the task has been widely studied as a task of creativity or insight problem solving, in this article, the RAT is treated as a semantic retrieval task and assessed from the perspective of information foraging theory. Experiments are presented that address the superadditive combination of cues and the anti-clustering behavior in the recall sequence. A new type of search behavior in the RAT is put forward that involves maximizing the difference in activation between target and distractors. This type of search is advantageous when the target is weak and cue patches are contaminated with strong competitors.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Information foraging, Optimal foraging, Memory search, Remote associates test, Word association space, Cued recall, Consistent information accumulation
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 22 May 2015 09:24
    Last Modified: 23 Oct 2015 13:57
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12129

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