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    Development of understanding of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic chondrichthyan fossil record

    Underwood, Charlie J. and Ward, D.J. and Guinot, G. (2015) Development of understanding of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic chondrichthyan fossil record. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 430 , ISSN 0305-8719.

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    Abstract

    Fossils of post-Palaeozoic sharks and rays are common and well known, and have been extensively studied. Early studies, especially the monographic works of Agassiz and Woodward, described species based on macroscopic remains of isolated teeth, fin spines and rostral ‘teeth’ as well as rare specimens of articulated skeletons and skulls. This material was obtained from a range of sources but especially from commercial collectors in Britain and mainland Europe. Additional research over subsequent decades also concentrated on large specimens, giving a very biased perception of the chondrichthyan record. The use of large scale bulk sampling in the latter part of the 20th Century revealed a previously unknown wealth of small fossils, especially teeth, and vastly improved knowledge of ancient sharks and rays. Widening use of these techniques to obtain small specimens has let to a dramatic increase in the fossil taxa known. In addition, re-assessment of previously known taxa has allowed has allowed generic diversity of some clades to be appreciated. Detailed work on skeletal anatomy, in part aided by new non-destructive methods, continues to improve knowledge of shark and ray diversity, phylogeny and radiation.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Charles Underwood
    Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2015 15:08
    Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 20:49
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/13178

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