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    A bilingual disadvantage in metacognitive processing

    Folke, T. and Ouzia, J. and Bright, P. and De Martino, B. and Filippi, Roberto (2016) A bilingual disadvantage in metacognitive processing. Cognition 150 , pp. 119-132. ISSN 0010-0277.

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    Abstract

    Recent research indicating that bilingualism is associated with enhanced executive function suggests that this enhancement may operate within a broader spectrum of cognitive abilities than previously thought (e.g., Stocco & Prat, 2014). In this study, we focus on metacognition or the ability to evaluate one’s own cognitive performance (Flavell, 1979). Over the course of two experiments, we presented young healthy adult monolinguals and bilinguals with a perceptual two-alternative-forced-choice task followed by confidence judgements. Results from both experiments indicated that bilingual participants showed a disadvantage in metacognitive efficiency, determined through the calculation of Mratio (Maniscalco & Lau, 2014). Our findings provide novel insight into the potential differences in bilingual and monolingual cognition, which may indicate a bilingual disadvantage. Results are discussed with reference to the balance of advantages versus disadvantages associated with multilanguage learning.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Bilingualism, Metacognition, Mratio, Bilingual advantage
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2016 12:06
    Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 11:00
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/14527

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