BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Differential effects of instruction on the development of second language comprehensibility, word Stress, rhythm, and intonation: the case of inexperienced Japanese EFL learners

    Saito, Y. and Saito, Kazuya (2016) Differential effects of instruction on the development of second language comprehensibility, word Stress, rhythm, and intonation: the case of inexperienced Japanese EFL learners. Language Teaching Research , ISSN 1362-1688.

    [img]
    Preview
    Text
    LTR2017.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript

    Download (327kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    The current study examined in depth the effects of suprasegmental-based instruction on the global (comprehensibility) and suprasegmental (word stress, rhythm, and intonation) development of 10 Japanese English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) learners. Students in the experimental group (n = 10) received a total of three hours of instruction over six weeks, while those in the control group (n = 10) were provided with meaning-oriented instruction without any focus on suprasegmentals. Speech samples elicited from read-aloud tasks were assessed via native-speaking listeners’ intuitive judgments and acoustic analyses. Overall, the pre-/post-test data showed significant gains in the overall comprehensibility, word stress, rhythm, and intonation of the experimental group in both trained and untrained lexical contexts. In particular, by virtue of explicitly addressing L1-L2 linguistic differences, the instruction was able to help learners mark stressed syllables with longer and clearer vowels; reduce vowels in unstressed syllables; and use appropriate intonation patterns for yes/no and wh-questions. The findings provide empirical support for the value of suprasegmental-based instruction in phonological development, even with beginner-level EFL learners with a limited amount of L2 conversational experience.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Form-focused instruction, phonological development, pronunciation, second language, speech suprasegmentals
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Applied Linguistics and Communication
    Depositing User: Kazuya Saito
    Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2016 13:19
    Last Modified: 30 Jul 2019 04:52
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/14704

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    1,703Downloads
    154Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item