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    Detrital zircon geochronology of the Cretaceous succession from the Iberian Atlantic Margin: palaeogeographic implications

    Dinis, P. and Dinis, J. and Tassinari, C. and Carter, Andrew and Callapez, P. and Morais, M. (2016) Detrital zircon geochronology of the Cretaceous succession from the Iberian Atlantic Margin: palaeogeographic implications. International Journal of Earth Sciences 105 (3), pp. 727-745. ISSN 1437-3254.

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    Abstract

    Detrital zircon U–Pb data performed on eight Cretaceous sandstone samples (819 age isotopic results) from the Lusitanian basin (west Portugal) constrain the history of uplift and palaeodrainage of western Iberia following break-up of Pangaea and opening of the North Atlantic Ocean. We examined the links between shifts in provenance and known basinwide unconformities dated to the late Berriasian, Barremian, late Aptian and Cenomanian–Turonian. The detrital zircon record of sedimentary rocks with wider supplying areas is relatively homogenous, being characterized by a clear predominance of late Palaeozoic ages (c. 375–275 Ma) together with variable proportions of ages in the range c. 800–460 Ma. These two groups of ages are diagnostic of sources within the Variscan Iberian Massif. A few samples also reveal significant amounts of middle Palaeozoic (c. 420–385 Ma) and late Mesoproterozoic to early Neoproterozoic (c. 1.2–0.9 Ga) zircon, which are almost absent in the basement to the east of the Lusitanian basin, but are common in terranes with a Laurussia affinity found in NW Iberia and the conjugate margin (Newfoundland). The Barremian unconformity marks a sudden rise in the proportion of c. 375–275 Ma zircon ages accompanied by a decrease in the abundance of the c. 420–385 Ma and c. 1.2–0.9 Ga ages. This shift in the zircon signature, which is contemporaneous with the separation of the Galicia Bank from Flemish Cap, reflects increased denudation of Variscan crystalline rocks and a reduction in source material from NW Iberia and adjoining areas. The late Aptian unconformity, which represents the largest hiatus in the sedimentary record, is reflected by a shift in late Palaeozoic peak ages from c. 330–310 Ma (widespread in Iberia) to c. 310–290 Ma (more frequent in N Iberia). It is considered that this shift in the age spectra resulted from a westward migration of catchment areas following major uplift in northern Iberia and some transport southward from the Bay of Biscay under the influence of a well-established Atlantic circulation.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): provenance, detrital zircon geochronology, lusitanian basin, pangea break-up, unconformity
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 12 May 2016 15:11
    Last Modified: 12 May 2016 15:11
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15159

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