BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    On the source of human irrationality

    Oaksford, Michael and Hall, Simon (2016) On the source of human irrationality. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (5), pp. 336-344. ISSN 1364-6613.

    [img]
    Preview
    Text (Press release)
    15173A.pdf - Other

    Download (448kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    Reasoning and decision making are error prone. This is often attributed to a fast, phylogenetically old System 1. It is striking, however, that perceptuo-motor decision making in humans and animals is rational. These results are consistent with perceptuo-motor strategies emerging in Bayesian brain theory that also appear in human data selection. People seem to have access, although limited, to unconscious generative models that can generalise to explain other verbal reasoning results. Error does not emerge predominantly from System 1, but rather seems to emerge from the later evolved System 2 that involves working memory and language. However language also sows the seeds of error correction by moving reasoning into the social domain. This reversal of roles suggests key areas of theoretical integration and new empirical directions.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 13 May 2016 13:21
    Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 12:33
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15173

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    189Downloads
    234Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item