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    Sourcing of Miocene accretionary lapilli on ‘Eua, Tonga; atypical dispersal distances and tectonic implications for the central Tonga Ridge

    Cunningham, J.K. and Beard, Andy (2016) Sourcing of Miocene accretionary lapilli on ‘Eua, Tonga; atypical dispersal distances and tectonic implications for the central Tonga Ridge. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 59 (2), pp. 302-312. ISSN 0028-8306.

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    Abstract

    Volcaniclastics hosting accretionary lapilli on the Tonga Ridge were sourced from the remnant Lau Ridge, prior to Lau back-arc basin opening. For the ‘Eua occurrences, an atypical dispersal distance of not less than 70 km is estimated, partly arising from the anomalous easterly position of ‘Eua. Dispersal within ocean-surface pyroclastic density currents is supported but strike-slip movement in a fault zone south of ‘Eua, post-middle Miocene but pre-ridge-splitting, can account for part of the dispersal distance by vertical axis block rotation, a tectonic process common on the southern Tonga–Kermadec–Hikurangi trend. In this model, the volcano which sourced the ‘Eua tephra was on a subjacent block, rather than the block which hosts ‘Eua. After deposition but prior to the opening of the Lau Basin, the accretionary lapilli on ‘Eua became displaced by block rotation c. 40 km towards the Tonga trench and away from source.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis, available online at the link above.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Accretionary lapilli, block rotation, dispersal distance, pyroclastic density currents, Tonga Ridge
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Andy Beard
    Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2016 15:14
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2019 19:20
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15524

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