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    Where the streets have known names

    Almeida, P.D. and Rocha, J.G. and Ballatore, Andrea and Zipf, A. (2016) Where the streets have known names. In: Gervasi, O. and Murgante, B. and Misra, S. and Rocha, A.M.A.C. and Torre, C.M. and Taniar, D. and Apduhan, B.O. and Stankova, E. and Wang, S. (eds.) Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2016. New York, U.S.: Springer, pp. 1-12. ISBN 9783319420882.

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    Abstract

    Street names provide important insights into the local culture, history, and politics of places. Linked open data provide a wealth of knowledge that can be associated with street names, enabling novel ways to explore cultural geographies. This paper presents a three-fold contribution. We present (1) a technique to establish a correspondence between street names and the entities that they refer to. The method is based on Wikidata, a knowledge base derived from Wikipedia. The accuracy of this mapping is evaluated on a sample of streets in Rome. As this approach reaches limited coverage, we propose to tap local knowledge with (2) a simple web platform. Users can select the best correspondence from the calculated ones or add another entity not discovered by the automated process. As a result, we design (3) an enriched OpenStreetMap web map where each street name can be explored in terms of the properties of its associated entity. Through several filters, this tool is a first step towards the interactive exploration of toponymy, showing how open data can reveal facets of the cultural texture that pervades places.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Additional Information: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part IV. The final publication is available at Springer via the link above.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Digital humanities, Toponymy, OpenStreetMap, Wikidata, Linked open data, Volunteered geographic information
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Andrea Ballatore
    Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2016 12:19
    Last Modified: 26 Jul 2019 23:21
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15720

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