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    A rational analysis of the selection task as optimal data selection.

    Oaksford, Michael and Chater, N. (1994) A rational analysis of the selection task as optimal data selection. Psychological Review 101 (4), pp. 608-631. ISSN 0033-295X.

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    Human reasoning in hypothesis-testing tasks like P. C. Wason's (1968) selection task has been depicted as prone to systematic biases. However, performance on this task has been assessed against a now outmoded falsificationist philosophy of science. Therefore, the experimental data is reassessed in the light of a Bayesian model of optimal data selection in inductive hypothesis testing. The model provides a rational analysis (J. R. Anderson, 1990) of the selection task that fits well with people's performance on both abstract and thematic versions of the task. The model suggests that reasoning in these tasks may be rational rather than subject to systematic bias.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2016 10:44
    Last Modified: 19 Sep 2016 10:44


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