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    The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

    Oaksford, Michael and Chater, N. (2001) The probabilistic approach to human reasoning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (8), pp. 349-357. ISSN 1364-6613.

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    Abstract

    A recent development in the cognitive science of reasoning has been the emergence of a probabilistic approach to the behaviour observed on ostensibly logical tasks. According to this approach the errors and biases documented on these tasks occur because people import their everyday uncertain reasoning strategies into the laboratory. Consequently participants’ apparently irrational behaviour is the result of comparing it with an inappropriate logical standard. In this article, we contrast the probabilistic approach with other approaches to explaining rationality, and then show how it has been applied to three main areas of logical reasoning: conditional inference, Wason's selection task and syllogistic reasoning.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): brain imaging, optical imaging, Event-Related Optical Signal, near-infrared spectroscopy, serial processing, parallel processing
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2016 10:05
    Last Modified: 20 Sep 2016 10:05
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/16104

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