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    Evaluating models of Coulomb stress transfer: is variable fault geometry important?

    Mildon, Z.K. and Toda, S. and Faure Walker, J.P. and Roberts, Gerald P. (2016) Evaluating models of Coulomb stress transfer: is variable fault geometry important? Geophysical Research Letters 43 (24), pp. 12407-12414. ISSN 0094-8276.

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    Abstract

    To determine the importance of receiver fault geometry in Coulomb stress calculations a new methodology is presented to model faults with variable geometry. Although most models use planar faults, it is known that these are inaccurate representations of faults observed in the field. The central Italian Apennines are chosen as a straightforward tectonic system with well exposed normal faults to investigate the effect of variable geometry. It is shown that the static Coulomb stress transfer is most sensitive to changes in strike of the receiver faults, rather than changes in dip and rake. Therefore, a novel methodology to generate strike-variable faults comprised of discrete rectangular patches is developed. Using the 2009 L’Aquila earthquake (Mw=6.3) the calculated stress transferred to planar versus variable faults is assessed. The stress transferred to variable faults is sufficiently different when compared to planar cases to merit other earthquake sequences being reassessed with available fault geometry.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at the link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Gerald Roberts
    Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2017 14:15
    Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 11:05
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/19043

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