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    Uranium isotope evidence for two episodes of deoxygenation during Oceanic Anoxic Event 2

    Clarkson, M.O. and Stirling, C.H. and Jenkyns, H.C. and Dickson, A.J. and Porcelli, D. and Moy, C.M. and Pogge von Strandmann, Philip A.E. and Cooke, I.R. and Lenton, T.M. (2018) Uranium isotope evidence for two episodes of deoxygenation during Oceanic Anoxic Event 2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , ISSN 0027-8424.

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    Abstract

    Oceanic Anoxic Event 2 (OAE 2), occurring ∼94 million years ago, was one of the most extreme carbon cycle and climatic perturbations of the Phanerozoic Eon. It was typified by a rapid rise in atmospheric CO2, global warming, and marine anoxia, leading to the widespread devastation of marine ecosystems. However, the precise timing and extent to which oceanic anoxic conditions expanded during OAE 2 remains unresolved. We present a record of global ocean redox changes during OAE 2 using a combined geochemical and carbon cycle modeling approach. We utilize a continuous, high-resolution record of uranium isotopes in pelagic and platform carbonate sediments to quantify the global extent of seafloor anoxia during OAE 2. This dataset is then compared with a dynamic model of the coupled global carbon, phosphorus, and uranium cycles to test hypotheses for OAE 2 initiation. This unique approach highlights an intra-OAE complexity that has previously been underconstrained, characterized by two expansions of anoxia separated by an episode of globally significant reoxygenation coincident with the “Plenus Cold Event.” Each anoxic expansion event was likely driven by rapid atmospheric CO2 injections from multiphase Large Igneous Province activity.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): oceanic anoxia, OAE, uranium isotopes, biogeochemical model, carbon cycle
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Philip Pogge Von Strandmann
    Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 10:27
    Last Modified: 03 Aug 2019 22:23
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/21595

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