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    Minority language rights in the Russian Federation: the end of a long tradition?

    Bowring, Bill (2019) Minority language rights in the Russian Federation: the end of a long tradition? In: Hogan-Brun, G. and O’Rourke, B. (eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Minority Languages and Communities. London, UK: Palgrave, pp. 73-99. ISBN 9781137540652. (In Press)

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    Bill Bowring Minority Language Rights in Russia 0706 18.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript
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    Abstract

    This chapter cannot present an overview of a developed and stable contemporary Russian approach to minority language rights, even if that was the objective. The reason is that from 2016 there has been a very significant shift away from special status for “national”, ethnic, languages in the context of an asymmetric federation. While Russia has a developed hierarchy of norms, consisting of international obligations which are part of Russian law, the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993, and relevant legislation, the latest fundamental changes have been brought about without amendments to the Constitution or to the relevant legislation. In order to engage with the issues posed by the dramatic events of the last few years, I outline a history of the development of minority language rights. First I present Russia’s unusual federative, ethnic and linguistic complexity. Second, I sketch developments in the Russian Empire and the USSR. Third, I trace the consequences of the collapse of the USSR and the “parade of sovereignties” of 1990 to 1992. Fourth, I introduce the Constitution of 1993 and its rather radical provisions. Fifth, I present the last report of the Advisory Committee for the Framework Convention for the Protection of Minority Rights (FCNM) in 2012, a continuing process. Sixth, I engage with the beginning of the present era. President Putin has now been in power since 2000, 18 years, and is just commencing a further six years in office. Finally, I discuss the dramatic events of the past few years, and how matters stand at the time of writing.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Additional Information: This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been edited. The definitive, published, version of record is available at the link above.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Russia, Language Rights, Council of Europe, Framework Convention,
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Law
    Depositing User: Bill Bowring
    Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 13:01
    Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 23:57
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/22707

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