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    Social facilitation of laughter and smiles in Preschool children

    Addyman, Caspar and Fogelquist, C. and Levakova, L. and Rees, S. (2018) Social facilitation of laughter and smiles in Preschool children. Frontiers in Psychology 9 , p. 1048. ISSN 1664-1078.

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    Abstract

    Surprisingly little is known about the social dimensions of laughter in preschool children. We studied children's responses to amusing video clips in the presence or absence of peers. The sample consisted of 9 boys and 11 girls aged 31-49 months (M 39.8, SD 4.2) who watched three cartoons under three different conditions: individually, in pairs, or in groups of 6 or 8. The social viewing conditions showed significantly higher numbers of laughs and smiles than the individual viewing condition. On average children laughed eight times as much in company as on their own and smiled almost three times as much. No differences were found between pairs and groups, and no association was found between subjective funniness ratings and group size. This suggests that the presence of even a single social partner can change behavior in response to humorous material. It supports the idea that laughter and smiles are primarily flexible social signals rather than reflexive responses to humor.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Peer Groups, Laughter, Humor, Preschoolers, Smiles
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    SWORD Depositor: Mr Joe Tenant
    Depositing User: Mr Joe Tenant
    Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2018 10:40
    Last Modified: 30 Jul 2019 02:36
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/23521

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