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    Annual Research Review: educational neuroscience: progress and prospects

    Thomas, Michael S.C. and Ansari, Daniel and Knowland, Victoria C.P. (2018) Annual Research Review: educational neuroscience: progress and prospects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry , ISSN 0021-9630.

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    Abstract

    Educational neuroscience is an interdisciplinary research field that seeks to translate research findings on neural mechanisms of learning to educational practice and policy and to understand the effects of education on the brain. Neuroscience and education can interact directly, by virtue of considering the brain as a biological organ that needs to be in the optimal condition to learn (‘brain health’); or indirectly, as neuroscience shapes psychological theory and psychology influences education. In this article, we trace the origins of educational neuroscience, its main areas of research activity and the principal challenges it faces as a translational field. We consider how a pure psychology approach that ignores neuroscience is at risk of being misleading for educators. We address the major criticisms of the field comprising, respectively, a priori arguments against the relevance of neuroscience to education, reservations with the current practical operation of the field, and doubts about the viability of neuroscience methods for diagnosing disorders or predicting individual differences. We consider future prospects of the field and ethical issues it raises. Finally, we discuss the challenge of responding to the (welcome) desire of education policymakers to include neuroscience evidence in their policymaking, while ensuring recommendations do not exceed the limitations of current basic science.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    SWORD Depositor: Mr Joe Tenant
    Depositing User: Mr Joe Tenant
    Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2018 15:08
    Last Modified: 27 Jul 2019 18:05
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/24895

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