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    White and grey matter development in utero assessed using motion-corrected diffusion tensor imaging and its comparison to ex utero measures

    Lockwood Estrin, Georgia and Wu, Z.Q. and Deprez, M. and Bertelsen, Á. and Rutherford, M.A. and Counsell, S.J. and Hajnal, J.V. (2019) White and grey matter development in utero assessed using motion-corrected diffusion tensor imaging and its comparison to ex utero measures. Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine , ISSN 1352-8661.

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    Abstract

    Fetal brain diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) offers quantitative analysis of the developing brain. The objective was to 1) quantify DTI measures across gestation in a cohort of fetuses without brain abnormalities using full retrospective correction for fetal head motion 2) compare results obtained in utero to those in preterm infants. Motion-corrected DTI analysis was performed on data sets obtained at 1.5T from 32 fetuses scanned between 21.29 and 37.57 (median 31.86) weeks. Results were compared to 32 preterm infants scanned at 3T between 27.43 and 37.14 (median 33.07) weeks. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) were quantified by region of interest measurements and tractography was performed. Fetal DTI was successful in 84% of fetuses for whom there was sufficient data for DTI estimation, and at least one tract could be obtained in 25 cases. Fetal FA values increased and ADC values decreased with age at scan (PLIC FA: p = 0.001; R  = 0.469; slope = 0.011; splenium FA: p < 0.001; R  = 0.597; slope = 0.019; thalamus ADC: p = 0.001; R  = 0.420; slope = - 0.023); similar trends were found in preterm infants. This study demonstrates that stable DTI is feasible on fetuses and provides evidence for normative values of diffusion properties that are consistent with aged matched preterm infants.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Diffusion tensor imaging, Fetus, Infant, Magnetic resonance imaging, Premature
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    SWORD Depositor: Mr Joe Tenant
    Depositing User: Mr Joe Tenant
    Date Deposited: 03 May 2019 12:36
    Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 12:34
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/26919

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