BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Probing communication-induced memory biases in preverbal infants: Two replication attempts of Yoon, Johnson and Csibra (2008)

    Silverstein, P. and Gliga, Teodora and Westermann, G. and Parise, E. (2019) Probing communication-induced memory biases in preverbal infants: Two replication attempts of Yoon, Johnson and Csibra (2008). Infant Behavior & Development 55 , pp. 77-87. ISSN 0163-6383.

    [img]
    Preview
    Text
    27211.pdf - Published Version of Record
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (1MB) | Preview

    Abstract

    In a seminal study, Yoon, Johnson and Csibra [PNAS, 105, 36 (2008)] showed that nine-month-old infants retained qualitatively different information about novel objects in communicative and non-communicative contexts. In a communicative context, the infants encoded the identity of novel objects at the expense of encoding their location, which was preferentially retained in non-communicative contexts. This result had not yet been replicated. Here we attempted two replications, while also including a measure of eye-tracking to obtain more detail of infants' attention allocation during stimulus presentation. Experiment 1 was designed following the methods described in the original paper. After discussion with one of the original authors, some key changes were made to the methodology in Experiment 2. Neither experiment replicated the results of the original study, with Bayes Factor Analysis suggesting moderate support for the null hypothesis. Both experiments found differential attention allocation in communicative and non-communicative contexts, with more looking to the face in communicative than non-communicative contexts, and more looking to the hand in non-communicative than communicative contexts. High and low level accounts of these attentional differences are discussed. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.]

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Bayes factor analysis, Cognitive development, Eye-tracking, Replication, Social learning, Visual short-term memory
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Divisions > Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    SWORD Depositor: Mr Joe Tenant
    Depositing User: Mr Joe Tenant
    Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2019 12:01
    Last Modified: 28 Jun 2020 13:45
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/27211

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    97Downloads
    49Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item