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    Arylamine N-acetyltransferase is required for synthesis of mycolic acids and complex lipids in Mycobacterium bovis BCG and represents a novel drug target

    Bhakta, Sanjib and Besra, G.S. and Upton, A.M. and Parish, T. and Sholto-Douglas-Vernon, C. and Gibson, K.J. and Knutton, S. and Gordon, S. and DaSilva, R.P. and Anderton, M.C. and Sim, E. (2004) Arylamine N-acetyltransferase is required for synthesis of mycolic acids and complex lipids in Mycobacterium bovis BCG and represents a novel drug target. The Journal of Experimental Medicine 199 (9), pp. 1191-1199. ISSN 0022-1007.

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    Abstract

    Mycolic acids represent a major component of the unique cell wall of mycobacteria. Mycolic acid biosynthesis is inhibited by isoniazid, a key frontline antitubercular drug that is inactivated by mycobacterial and human arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT). We show that an in-frame deletion of Mycobacterium bovis BCG nat results in delayed entry into log phase, altered morphology, altered cell wall lipid composition, and increased intracellular killing by macrophages. In particular, deletion of nat perturbs biosynthesis of mycolic acids and their derivatives and increases susceptibility of M. bovis BCG to antibiotics that permeate the cell wall. Phenotypic traits are fully complemented by introduction of Mycobacterium tuberculosis nat. We infer from our findings that NAT is critical to normal mycolic acid synthesis and hence other derivative cell wall components and represents a novel target for antituberculosis therapy. In addition, this is the first report of an endogenous role for NAT in mycobacteria.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2019 11:34
    Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 22:48
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/27364

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