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    Rapid CO2 mineralisation into calcite at the CarbFix storage site quantified using calcium isotopes

    Pogge von Strandmann, Philip A.E. and Burton, K. and Snaebjornsdottir, S. and Sigfusson, B. and Aradottir, E. and Gunnarsson, I. and Alfredsson, H. and Mesfin, K. and Oelkers, E. and Gislason, S. (2019) Rapid CO2 mineralisation into calcite at the CarbFix storage site quantified using calcium isotopes. Nature Communications , ISSN 2041-1723.

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    Abstract

    The engineered removal of atmospheric CO2 is now considered a key component of mitigating climate warming below 1.5 °C. Mineral carbonation is a potential negative emissions technique that, in the case of Iceland’s CarbFix experiment, precipitates dissolved CO2 as carbonate minerals in basaltic groundwater settings. Here we use calcium (Ca) isotopes in both pre- and post-CO2 injection waters to quantify the amount of carbonate precipitated, and hence CO2 stored. Ca isotope ratios rapidly increase with the pH and calcite saturation state, indicating calcite precipitation. Calculations suggest that up to 93% of dissolved Ca is removed into calcite during certain phases of injection. In total, our results suggest that 165 ± 8.3 t CO2 were precipitated into calcite, an overall carbon storage efficiency of 72 ± 5%. The success of this approach opens the potential for quantification of similar mineral carbonation efforts where drawdown rates cannot be estimated by other means.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Philip Pogge von strandmann
    Date Deposited: 02 May 2019 09:46
    Last Modified: 04 Oct 2019 06:46
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/27381

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