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    Occurrence of partial and total coseismic ruptures of segmented normal fault systems: insights from the Central Apennines, Italy

    Iezzi, Francesco and Roberts, Gerald P. and Faure Walker, J.P. and Papanikolaou, I. (2019) Occurrence of partial and total coseismic ruptures of segmented normal fault systems: insights from the Central Apennines, Italy. Journal of Structural Geology 126 , pp. 83-99. ISSN 0191-8141.

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    Abstract

    Normal faulting earthquakes rarely rupture the entire extent of active normal faults, and can also jump between neighbouring faults. This confounds attempts to use segmentation models to define the likelihood of future rupture scenarios. We attempt to study this problem comparing the offsets produced in single earthquakes with those produced by multiple earthquakes over longer timescales, together with detailed studies of the structural geology. We study the active normal fault system causative of the Mw 6.3 2009 L’Aquila earthquake in central Italy, comparing the spatial distribution of coseismic offsets, cumulative offsets that have developed since 15 ±3 ka, and the total offsets that have accumulated since the faults initiated at 2-3 Ma. Our findings suggest that: 1) faults within a segmented fault system behave as a single interacting fault segment over time periods including multiple earthquake cycles (e.g. 2-3 Ma or 15±3ka), with single earthquakes causing either partial or total ruptures of the entire system; 2) an along-strike bend causes throw and throw-rates enhancements within the bend throughout the seismic history of the fault system. We discuss the synchronised and geometrically controlled activity rates on these faults in terms of the propensity for floating earthquakes, multi-fault earthquakes, and seismic hazard.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Gerald Roberts
    Date Deposited: 31 May 2019 14:10
    Last Modified: 30 Jul 2019 14:50
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/27693

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