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    Challenges and inequalities of opportunities in European Psychiatry research

    Bölte, S. and Tomalski, P. and Marschik, P.B. and Berggren, S. and Norberg, J. and Falck-Ytter, T. and Pokorska, O. and Jones, Emily J.H. and Charman, T. and Roeyers, H. and Kostrzewa, E. (2016) Challenges and inequalities of opportunities in European Psychiatry research. European Journal of Psychological Assessment 34 (4), pp. 270-277. ISSN 1015-5759.

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    Abstract

    Abstract. Europe is diverse in terms of economy, cultures, socio-demography, and languages. A crucial aspect of psychiatric research is the availability of standardized screening, diagnostic, and characterization instruments. We fine-mapped the accessibility of 14 clinical scales and cognitive tests for the assessment of early childhood Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; e.g., ADOS, ADI-R, SCQ, SRS, CHAT, MESL) within 21 European countries. These tools are essential for internationally competitive early ASD detection research. We identified a considerable variation not only in the availability, but also psychometric standardization, and formal distribution of the instruments between the countries, privileging English speaking, high-income, and highly populated European countries. Absence of country-specific standardization was a problem across many countries, independent of income and size. Findings demonstrate, on a concrete level, the challenges in creating equal early ASD identification research opportunities in Europe, and the need for increased funding for instrument development and validation. We discuss the reasons, implications, and consequences of this inequity and ways of reducing it.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): assessment, neurodevelopmental disorders, mental health, tests, psychometrics
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 31 May 2019 12:37
    Last Modified: 31 May 2019 12:38
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/27696

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