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    An Enhanced Electrocardiogram biometric authentication system using machine learning

    Al Alkeem, E. and Kim, S.-K. and Yeun, C.Y. and Zemerly, J. and Poon, K. and Yoo, Paul (2019) An Enhanced Electrocardiogram biometric authentication system using machine learning. IEEE Access 7 , pp. 123069-123075. ISSN 2169-3536.

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    Abstract

    Traditional authentication systems use alphanumeric or graphical passwords, or token-based techniques that require “something you know and something you have”. The disadvantages of these systems include the risks of forgetfulness, loss, and theft. To address these shortcomings, biometric authentication is rapidly replacing traditional authentication methods and is becoming an everyday part of life. The electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the most recent traits considered for biometric purposes, and three typical use cases have been described: security checks, hospitals and wearable devices. Here we describe an ECG-based authentication system suitable for security checks and hospital environments. The proposed authentication system will help investigators studying ECG-based biometric authentication techniques to define dataset boundaries and to acquire high-quality training data. We evaluated the performance of the proposed system using a confusion matrix and also by applying the Amang ECG (amgecg) toolbox in MATLAB to investigate two parameters that directly affect the accuracy of authentication: the ECG slicing time (sliding window) and sampling time. Using this approach, we found that accuracy was optimized by using a sliding window of 0.4 s and a sampling time of 37 s.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Computer Science and Information Systems
    Depositing User: Paul Yoo
    Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2019 09:40
    Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 12:47
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/28911

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