BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Uncertainty in strain-rate from field 1 measurements of the geometry, rates and kinematics of active normal faults: implications for seismic hazard assessment

    Sgambato, C. and Faure Walker, J. and Roberts, Gerald P. (2019) Uncertainty in strain-rate from field 1 measurements of the geometry, rates and kinematics of active normal faults: implications for seismic hazard assessment. Journal of Structural Geology 131 , p. 103934. ISSN 0191-8141.

    [img] Text
    Sgambato et al. 2019 Auletta JSG FINAL.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript
    Restricted to Repository staff only until 21 November 2020.
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

    Download (11MB) | Request a copy

    Abstract

    Multiple measurements of the geometry, kinematics and rates of slip across the Auletta fault (Campania, Italy) are presented, and we use these to determine: (1) the spatial resolution of field measurements needed to accurately calculate a representative strain-rate; (2) what aspects of the geometry and kinematics would introduce uncertainty with regard to the strain-rate if not measured in the field. We find that the magnitude of the post last-glacial maximum throw across the fault varies along strike. If such variations are unnoticed, different values for a representative strain-rate, hence different results in seismic hazard calculations, would be produced. To demonstrate this, we progressively degrade our dataset, calculating the implied strain-rate at each step. Excluding measurements can alter strain-rate results beyond 1σ uncertainty, thus we urge caution when using only one measurement of slip-rate for calculating hazard. We investigate the effect of approximating the throw profile along the fault with boxcar and triangular distributions and show that this can underestimate or overestimate the strain-rate, with results in the range of 72-237% of our most detailed strain-rate calculation. We discuss how improved understanding of the potential implied errors in strain-rate calculations from field structural data should be implemented in seismic hazard calculations.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Active normal fault, Fault geometry, Strain-rate, Seismic hazardItaly
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Gerald Roberts
    Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2019 06:37
    Last Modified: 07 Dec 2019 02:03
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/30186

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    1Download
    48Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item