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    Response facilitation and inhibition in manual, vocal, and oculomotor performance: evidence for a modality-unspecific mechanism

    Eimer, Martin and Schlaghecken, F. (2001) Response facilitation and inhibition in manual, vocal, and oculomotor performance: evidence for a modality-unspecific mechanism. Journal of Motor Behavior 33 (1), pp. 16-26. ISSN 0022-2895.

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    Abstract

    In 2 experiments (N = 10, Experiment 1; N = 16, Experiment 2), the authors investigated whether evidence for response facilitation and subsequent inhibition elicited by masked prime stimuli can be observed for output modalities other than manual responding. Masked primes were followed by target stimuli that required a 2-choice manual, saccadic, or vocal response. Performance was measured for compatible trials in which primes and targets were identical and for incompatible trials in which they were mapped to opposite responses. When primes were presented centrally, performance benefits were obtained for incompatible trials; whereas for peripherally presented primes, performance benefits were found in compatible trials. That pattern of results was obtained for manual responses and for saccadic eye movements (Experiment 1), demonstrating that those effects are not mediated by specialized dorsal pathways involved in visuomanual control. An analogous pattern of effects was found when manual and vocal responses were compared (Experiment 2). Because vocal responding is controlled by the inferotemporal cortex, that result shows that prime-target compatibility effects are not primarily mediated by the dorsal stream, but appear to reflect modality-unspecific visuomotor links that allow rapid activation of motor responses that may later be subject to inhibition.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 10:29
    Last Modified: 10 Dec 2019 10:29
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/30236

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