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    Discipline-specific open access publishing practices and barriers to change: an evidence-based review (version 2)

    Severin, Anna and Egger, Matthias and Eve, Martin Paul and Hürlimann, Daniel (2020) Discipline-specific open access publishing practices and barriers to change: an evidence-based review (version 2). F1000Research 7 (1925), ISSN 2046-1402.

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    Abstract

    Background: Many of the discussions surrounding Open Access (OA) revolve around how it affects publishing practices across different academic disciplines. It was a long-held view that it would be only a matter of time before all disciplines fully and relatively homogeneously implemented OA. Recent large-scale bibliometric studies show, however, that the uptake of OA differs substantially across disciplines. We aimed to answer two questions: First, how do different disciplines adopt and shape OA publishing practices? Second, what discipline-specific barriers to and potentials for OA can be identified? Methods: In a first step, we identified and synthesized relevant bibliometric studies that assessed OA prevalence and publishing patterns across disciplines. In a second step, and adopting a social shaping of technology perspective, we studied evidence on the socio-technical forces that shape OA publishing practices. We examined a variety of data sources, including, but not limited to, publisher policies and guidelines, OA mandates and policies and author surveys. Results: Over the last three decades, scholarly publishing has experienced a shift from “closed” access to OA as the proportion of scholarly literature that is openly accessible has increased continuously. Estimated OA levels for publication years after 2010 varied between 29.4% and 66%. The shift towards OA is uneven across disciplines in two respects: first, the growth of OA has been uneven across disciplines, which manifests itself in varying OA prevalence levels. Second, disciplines use different OA publishing channels to make research outputs OA. Conclusions: We conclude that historically rooted publishing practices differ in terms of their compatibility with OA, which is the reason why OA can be assumed to be a natural continuation of publishing cultures in some disciplines, whereas in other disciplines, the implementation of OA faces major barriers and would require a change of research culture. Keywords

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Arts > English, Theatre and Creative Writing
    Depositing User: Martin Eve
    Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2020 18:55
    Last Modified: 27 Mar 2020 18:55
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/31485

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