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    Amygdala activation in maltreated children during pre-attentive emotional processing

    McCrory, E.J. and de Brito, S.A. and Kelly, P.A. and Bird, Geoffrey and Sebastian, C.L. and Mechelli, A. and Samuel, S. and Viding, E. (2013) Amygdala activation in maltreated children during pre-attentive emotional processing. The British Journal of Psychiatry 202 (4), pp. 269-276. ISSN 0007-1250.

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    Abstract

    Background: Childhood adversity is associated with significantly increased risk of psychiatric disorder. To date, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of children have mainly focused on institutionalisation and investigated conscious processing of affect. Aims: To investigate neural response to pre-attentively presented affect cues in a community sample of children with documented experiences of maltreatment in the home. Method: A masked dot-probe paradigm involving pre-attentive presentation of angry, happy and neutral facial expressions was employed. Eighteen maltreated children were compared with 23 carefully matched non-maltreated peers. Results: Increased neural response was observed in the right amygdala for pre-attentively presented angry and happy faces in maltreated v. non-maltreated children. Level of amygdala activation was negatively associated with age at onset for several abuse subtypes. Conclusions: Maltreatment is associated with heightened neural response to positive and negative facial affect, even to stimuli outside awareness. This may represent a latent neural risk factor for future psychiatric disorder.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2013 12:24
    Last Modified: 10 Mar 2016 17:05
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/6229

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