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    Children and violence

    Wells, Karen (2012) Children and violence. Oxford Bibliographies: Childhood Studies ,

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    Abstract

    Violence is an everyday experience for many, perhaps most, children. The recognition that children routinely face violence at home, at school, and in their neighborhoods is being increasingly acknowledged by academics, practitioners, and policymakers. Child protection has long been concerned with the risk of violence to children in their families, but children are also at risk of violence from their peers. Children are victims as well as perpetrators of violence. The experience of violence is gendered; girls are more likely to be at risk of sexual violence from boys and men, and boys are at risk of violence from other boys. Indeed, the investment of many boys in a cultural script that associates masculinity with violence may explain why boys are more at risk of violence as they transition to adulthood. The study of violence and childhood has been dominated by the fields of social work, psychology, and criminology, and surprisingly little work has been done in this field by scholars of childhood studies. A dominant narrative in these fields is concern about who the child/youth will become if he or she is exposed to violence or perpetrates violence. Separate OBO entries deal with violence against children in the form of War, Child Maltreatment, or Discipline and Punishment.

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