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    Repetitive N-WASP–binding elements of the Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Effector EspFU Synergistically Activate Actin Assembly

    Galán, J.E. and Campellone, K.G. and Cheng, H.-C. and Robbins, D. and Siripala, A.D. and McGhie, E.J. and Hayward, Richard D. and Welch, M.D. and Rosen, M.K. and Koronakis, V. and Leong, J.M. (2008) Repetitive N-WASP–binding elements of the Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Effector EspFU Synergistically Activate Actin Assembly. PLoS Pathogens 4 (10), e1000191. ISSN 1553-7374.

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    Abstract

    Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) generate F-actin–rich adhesion pedestals by delivering effector proteins into mammalian cells. These effectors include the translocated receptor Tir, along with EspFU, a protein that associates indirectly with Tir and contains multiple peptide repeats that stimulate actin polymerization. In vitro, the EspFU repeat region is capable of binding and activating recombinant derivatives of N-WASP, a host actin nucleation-promoting factor. In spite of the identification of these important bacterial and host factors, the underlying mechanisms of how EHEC so potently exploits the native actin assembly machinery have not been clearly defined. Here we show that Tir and EspFU are sufficient for actin pedestal formation in cultured cells. Experimental clustering of Tir-EspFU fusion proteins indicates that the central role of the cytoplasmic portion of Tir is to promote clustering of the repeat region of EspFU. Whereas clustering of a single EspFU repeat is sufficient to bind N-WASP and generate pedestals on cultured cells, multi-repeat EspFU derivatives promote actin assembly more efficiently. Moreover, the EspFU repeats activate a protein complex containing N-WASP and the actin-binding protein WIP in a synergistic fashion in vitro, further suggesting that the repeats cooperate to stimulate actin polymerization in vivo. One explanation for repeat synergy is that simultaneous engagement of multiple N-WASP molecules can enhance its ability to interact with the actin nucleating Arp2/3 complex. These findings define the minimal set of bacterial effectors required for pedestal formation and the elements within those effectors that contribute to actin assembly via N-WASP-Arp2/3–mediated signaling pathways.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Research Centre: Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 09:41
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2019 09:31
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/6787

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