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    What does being initiated severely into a group do? The role of rewards

    Kamau, Caroline (2013) What does being initiated severely into a group do? The role of rewards. International Journal of Psychology 48 (3), pp. 399-406. ISSN 0020-7594.

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    Abstract

    Undergoing an admission process (an initiation) can induce exaggerated feelings about a group, but there is little research about the role of rewards. This study replicated Aronson and Mills’ (1959) experiment. Seventy participants underwent either a severe initiation or a mild initiation. After the initiation, about half the sample received an extrinsic reward for merely completing the task. The remaining half did not receive an extrinsic reward. This was to vary the amount of dissonance. Initiation severity and reward condition had significant, noncrossing interactions. A reward led to higher group identity than no reward, supporting Levine and Moreland's (1994) group socialization model. A severe initiation did not lead to more group identity than a mild initiation; therefore, Aronson and Mills’ findings were not replicated. Interestingly, a mild initiation followed by a reward led to more group identity than a severe initiation followed by a reward. Another unexpected finding was that the extrinsic reward made no difference to group identity if the initiation was severe. Effects on ratings of the discussion were nonsignificant. Future research needs to establish how new group members ponder the severity of the admission process during the cost–benefit calculation preceding their identification with a group.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Initiation, Group identity, Cognitive dissonance, Rewards, Group attraction, induction, cost-benefit ratio
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Caroline Kamau
    Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2013 09:10
    Last Modified: 13 Feb 2014 09:08
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/7125

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