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    Negative aspects of close relationships as a predictor of increased body mass index and waist circumference: the Whitehall II study

    Kouvonen, A. and Stafford, M. and de Vogli, R. and Shipley, M.J. and Marmot, M.G. and Cox, Tom and Vahtera, J. and Väänänen, A. and Heponiemi, T. and Singh-Manoux, A. and Kivimaki, M. (2011) Negative aspects of close relationships as a predictor of increased body mass index and waist circumference: the Whitehall II study. American Journal of Public Health 101 (8), pp. 1474-1480. ISSN 0090-0036.

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    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether exposure to negative aspects of close relationships was associated with subsequent increase in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. METHODS: Data came from a prospective cohort study (Whitehall II) of 9425 civil servants aged 35 to 55 years at baseline (phase 1: 1985-1988). We assessed negative aspects of close relationships with the Close Persons Questionnaire (range 0-12) at phases 1 and 2 (1989-1990). We measured BMI and waist circumference at phases 3 (1991-1994) and 5 (1997-1999). Covariates at phase 1 included gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, BMI, employment grade, smoking, physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and common mental disorder. RESULTS: After adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics and health behaviors, participants with higher exposure to negative aspects of close relationships had a higher likelihood of a 10% or greater increase in BMI and waist circumference (odds ratios per 1-unit increase 1.08 [95% confidence interval (CI) =1.02, 1.14; P = .007] and 1.09 [CI = 1.04, 1.14; P ≤ .001], respectively) as well as a transition from the overweight (25 ≤ BMI  < 30) to the obese (BMI  ≥ 0) category. CONCLUSIONS: Adverse social relationships may contribute to weight gain.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2013 07:50
    Last Modified: 27 Jan 2015 17:38
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/7216

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